dr hab. Maciej M. Sokołowski PhD, DSc

A strong message about energy Energy - economy - law A strong message about law A strong message about economy Achieving energy efficiency efficiently Energy Policy - Poland - Europe - World
dr hab. Maciej M. Sokołowski zdjecie

"Energy security is one of those concepts, which everyone seems to know. The problem starts when the lights go out"

"The idea of civic energy sector and energy cooperatives seems to be an answer that responds to the social and financial problems encountered in the development of local energy industry"

"Modern economy and energy require an approach that is open to the discourse and participation of different actors at all levels of decision-making"

"Monopolisation does not serve the state, economy or citizens. Monopolisation serves monopolies"

"My day-watchman state is the centre ground occupying a place between interventionism and laissez-faire"

"I'm fascinated by watching how much we owe to electricity. How much we owe to Tesla, Edison and many other precursors of its use"

"The problem of long-term planning in economy is that it is long-term. Its creators do not think about implementation - the contractors bear in mind the planning process"

Energy justice in Japan’s energy transition - new paper

Created at 22 / 04 / 2022

Energy justice is a developing topic, but how does it play out in Japan? We explore energy justice in Japan with Prof. Satoshi Kurokawa of Waseda University taking into account the country's 2050 energy transition - learn more in our article for Oxford University Press.


Energy justice in Japan’s energy transition: pillars of just 2050 carbon neutrality

Maciej M Sokołowski, Satoshi Kurokawa

The Journal of World Energy Law & Business


Energy justice is a topic that is currently being explored by energy law experts around the world and used across several academic fields in energy research. However, we note that this concept is quite novel in Japan (there have been no substantial publications published in either English or Japanese) and could be expanded. This is especially important in light of Japan’s aspirations to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 and implement a just energy transition. In this context, the article’s goal is to present the energy justice theory in a legal (energy law) and policy (climate-energy policy) framework in Japan. The article discusses the five basic types of justice, referring to Japanese energy legislation and climate-energy policy as examples. The analysis includes an assessment of the carbon neutrality pillars (seen through the prism of energy justice theory), aimed at supporting Japan in meeting its climate targets, and directions related to the use of renewable, conventional and nuclear energy sources requiring examination in terms of energy justice (due to failures of energy policy, such as lack of stakeholder recognition, local conflicts, NIMBY, etc.). Furthermore, the article demonstrates the improvements required in the legal and policy frameworks in Japan to make the application of human rights and the Sustainable Development Goals across the energy life-cycle effective. This will also include an examination of potential legal and organisational changes, and new structures and appointments in the Japanese administration.