dr hab. Maciej M. Sokołowski PhD, DSc

A strong message about energy Energy - economy - law A strong message about law A strong message about economy Achieving energy efficiency efficiently Energy Policy - Poland - Europe - World
dr hab. Maciej M. Sokołowski zdjecie

"Energy security is one of those concepts, which everyone seems to know. The problem starts when the lights go out"

"The idea of civic energy sector and energy cooperatives seems to be an answer that responds to the social and financial problems encountered in the development of local energy industry"

"Modern economy and energy require an approach that is open to the discourse and participation of different actors at all levels of decision-making"

"Monopolisation does not serve the state, economy or citizens. Monopolisation serves monopolies"

"My day-watchman state is the centre ground occupying a place between interventionism and laissez-faire"

"I'm fascinated by watching how much we owe to electricity. How much we owe to Tesla, Edison and many other precursors of its use"

"The problem of long-term planning in economy is that it is long-term. Its creators do not think about implementation - the contractors bear in mind the planning process"

Recent paper: models of energy communities in Japan (enekomi)

Created at 1 / 07 / 2021

"Models of energy communities in Japan (enekomi): regulatory solutions from the European Union (rescoms and citencoms)" is a paper I recently published in European Energy and Environmental Law Review.


Energy communities are already part of the current Japanese energy sector. The enerugīkomyuniti (or enekomi, as I propose to call this type of entities) powered by renewables with an important role played by photovoltaics (PVs), reflect a growing wave of prosumer movements in Japan. This derives from the decrease in the cost of renewable installations, as well as the opportunities for multiple deployments in places previously unable to access renewable energy (such as farms – when ‘farming photovoltaics’ or ‘agrivoltaic systems’ are applied). The establishment of municipal power producers and suppliers (small-scale entities covering local areas), leading to broader popularization and use of distributed energy in Japan has also helped to promote this movement. However, any further development of enekomis requires the appropriate regulatory framework. Japan, which wants to promote the concept of a sustainable regional community internationally, must focus on amore preferential approach to enekomi. Based on the experience of the Member States, the European Union has managed to establish a model that could be implemented in Japan after a suitable adaptation. This applies in particular to the solutions offered to energy communities in Europe with respect to membership, non-discriminatory treatment, barriers, support schemes as well as grid connection and management.

M.M. Sokołowski (2021), "Models of energy communities in Japan (enekomi): regulatory solutions from the European Union (rescoms and citencoms)", European Energy and Environmental Law Review, 30(4): 149-159.