This book examines a variety of laws and policies governing the European and Japanese electricity sectors. The book evaluates and compares the regulatory frameworks for achieving energy transitions in Japan and the European Union (EU) by answering a number of questions on the essence and range of the regulatory models used by leading global economies which herald carbon neutrality by 2050. The book systematises Japanese and European energy policies and legislation including electricity-related policies, plans, and programmes. To discuss these matters in relation to the European and Japanese 2050 energy transition the book delves into the four pillars of the transition: market reform, reduction of emissions, promotion of renewables, and enhancing energy efficiency. Each chapter shows the timing of the actions undertaken both in Europe and Japan; analyses the character of the conducted actions, including the players and stakeholders of the realised agenda; and presents the technologies involved in the energy transition. These correspond with the policy goals and priorities which propelled the energy transition in the EU and Japan. The author provides answers to questions concerning the regulatory tools that Japan and the EU may use in the future, and the problems which may emerge during the implementation phase. Additionally, the book presents the lessons learned on facilitating the energy transition. The book provides an in-depth review of the EU and Japan’s energy policies and laws in terms of electricity market and climate action, including energy efficiency, renewable energy sources, and the reduction of emissions. See M.M. Sokołowski, Energy Transition of the Electricity Sectors in the European Union and Japan: Regulatory Models and Legislative Solutions (Palgrave Macmillan, 2022) in Springer Link.