Two lectures covered following fields: characteristic features of the electricity sector and natural gas, the internal electricity and gas markets, competition and third party access to networks, eu-regulation: the electricity and natural gas directives (3rd package), roles of market actors following the efforts to unbundle the sector, electricity production, the right for the consumer to choose own supplier, system-operation, access to the grid, price regulation and bench marking, market transparency, a united Europe in energy, Climate change – and the relationship with energy, the 1992 Climate Change Convention, the 1997 Kyoto Protocol and the 2015/16 Paris Agreement, cap and trade regimes based on the EU experience – CO2-quotas and emission trading.

Both lectures were arranged within the course "International Energy Law and Sustainability" (the Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen), coordinated by professor Anita Rønne.